The Mayflower Compact was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony. It was written by separatist Congregationalists who called themselves "Saints". Later they were referred to as Pilgrims or Pilgrim Fathers. They were fleeing from religious persecution by King James of England. They traveled aboard the Mayflower in 1620 along with adventurers, tradesmen, and servants, most of whom were referred to, by the Separatists as "Strangers".
The Mayflower Compact was signed aboard ship on November 11, 1620 by the Pilgrims. They used the Julian Calendar, also known as Old Style dates, which, at that time, was ten days behind the Gregorian Calendar. Signing the covenant were 41 of the ship's 101 passengers, while the Mayflower was anchored in what is now Provincetown Harbor within the hook at the northern tip of Cape Cod.
American History USA Articles
- Did the Mayflower Go Off Course on Purpose? And Other Questions...
The Mayflower landed on the coast of Cape Cod, hundreds of miles away from its intended destination. Was this intentional?
- The Mayflower Compact - Pilgrim Fathers
- The Mayflower Compact (We the People: Exploration and Colonization) - Philip Brooks