Nat Turner

Nat Turner (October 2, 1800 – November 11, 1831) was an African-American slave who led a slave rebellion of slaves and free blacks in Southampton County, Virginia on August 21, 1831 that resulted in 60 white deaths. Whites organized militias and called out regular troops to suppress the rising; in addition, mobs attacked blacks in the area, killing an estimated total of 100-200, many not involved at all with the revolt.

In the aftermath, the state quickly arrested and executed 56 blacks accused of being part of Turner's slave rebellion. an estimated 200 blacks were killed by white militias and mobs, often after having been beaten. Turner hid successfully for two months; when found, he was quickly tried, convicted, sentenced to death, and hanged. Across Virginia and other southern states, state legislators passed new laws to control slaves and free blacks: they prohibited education of slaves and free blacks, restricted rights of assembly for free blacks, withdrew their right to bear arms (in some states) and to vote; and required white ministers to be present at all black worship services.

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