Settlement of the Americas
The question of how, when, where and why humans first entered the Americas is of intense interest to archaeologists and anthropologists, and has been a subject of heated debate for centuries. Several models for the Paleo-Indian settlement of the Americas have been proposed by various academic communities. Modern biochemical techniques, as well as more thorough archaeology, have shed progressively more light on the subject.
Current understanding of human migration to and throughout the Americas derives from advances in four interrelated disciplines: linguistics, archeology, physical anthropology, and DNA analysis. While there is general agreement that the Americas was first settled from Asia by people who migrated across Beringia, the pattern of migration, its timing, and the place of origin in Asia of the peoples who migrated to the Americas remains unclear. In recent years, researchers have sought to use familiar tools to validate or reject established theories, such as Clovis first. As new discoveries come to light, past hypotheses are reevaluated and new theories constructed. The archeological evidence suggests that the Paleo-Indians' first "widespread" habitation of the Americas occurred during the end of the last glacial period or, more specifically, what is known as the late glacial maximum, around 16,500–13,000 years ago.
American History USA Articles
- The History of the United States, in 10,000 Words
American history in a single article. A 10,000 word history of the United States.
- William M. Denevan -- "The Pristine Myth: The Landscape of the Americans in 1492"
It's common to view the North America of 1492 as a largely untouched wilderness. However, in many areas, American Indians extensively sculpted the landscape for their own purposes.
- The Settlement of America: Encyclopedia of Westward Expansion from Jamestown to the Closing of the Frontier - James Crutchfield
- The Vikings in North America: The History and Legacy of the Norse Settlements in Greenland and Vinland - Charles River Editors
- Post-Dinosaur Settlement of the Americas: US Geopolitics for English Learners Lecture 1
- "Big Cats, Panamá, and Armadillos: A Story of Climate and Life"