Constitution of the United States
SummaryDate: 1787 Topics: United States Constitution
The Constitution is the supreme law of the United States. It was originally written in 1787, and ratified in 1789. It has been amended 27 times. The original text contains a Preamble and seven Articles.
- Preamble - The Preamble, with its famous statement “We the people”, serves as an introduction to the Constitution.
- Article One - Article One of the Constitution creates the legislative branch of the federal government.
- Article Two - Article Two of the Constitution creates the executive branch of the federal government.
- Article Three - Article Three of the Constitution creates the judicial branch of the federal government.
- Article Four - Article Four of the Constitution covers the relationship between the states.
- Article Five - Article Five of the Constitution creates an amendment process for making changes.
- Article Six - Article Six of the Constitution covers debt, the supremacy of the Constitution, oaths and religious tests.
- Article Seven - Article Seven of the Constitution sets the threshold for ratification at nine states.
- 1st Amendment - The 1st Amendment protects the freedom of speech, religion, assembly, and petition.
- 2nd Amendment - The 2nd Amendment protects the right of the people to keep and bear arms.
- 3rd Amendment - The 3rd Amendment protects against the quartering of soldiers in private homes.
- 4th Amendment - The 4th Amendment prohibits unreasonable search and seizure, and requires a warrant for probable cause.
- 5th Amendment - The 5th Amendment protects criminal defendants from being forced to testify against themselves.
- 6th Amendment - The 6th Amendment protects the right to a speedy criminal trial, by jury, and to cross-examine and procure witness.
- 7th Amendment - The 7th Amendment protects the right to a jury trial in civil cases.
- 8th Amendment - The 8th Amendment protects against the imposition of cruel and unusual punishment on a convicted criminal.
- 9th Amendment - The 9th Amendment clarifies that the Constitution's enumeration certain individual rights, does not deny other rights to the people.
- 10th Amendment - The 10th Amendment reserves additional rights to the states and people.
- 11th Amendment - The 11th Amendment protects a state from being sued by citizens of a different state or country.
- 12th Amendment - The 12th Amendment modifies the Electoral College process to reduce the likelihood of a tie.
- 13th Amendment - The 13th Amendment outlaws slavery in the United States.
- 14th Amendment - The 14th Amendment applies many of the individual protections of the Constitution to the laws of each state, among other reforms.
- 15th Amendment - The 15th Amendment prohibits the federal and state governments from denying the vote based on race.
- 16th Amendment - The 16th Amendment allows the Congress to pass a federal income tax.
- 17th Amendment - The 17th Amendment requires the direct election of U.S. Senators.
- 18th Amendment - The 18th Amendment to the Constitution established the prohibition on the manufacture and sale of alcohol, until its repeal.
- 19th Amendment - The 19th Amendment prohibits any state from denying the vote based on sex.
- 20th Amendment - The 20th Amendment changes the start of the Presidential term to January 20, and changes the date on which Congress assembles to January 3.
- 21st Amendment - The 21st Amendment repeals the 18th Amendment and ends the prohibition of alcohol.
- 22nd Amendment - The 22nd Amendment limits the amount of time that one person may serve as President.
- 23rd Amendment - The 23rd Amendment grants the District of Columbia electors in the Electoral College.
- 24th Amendment - The 24th Amendment abolishes the use of a poll tax as a prerequisite for voting.
- 25th Amendment - The 25th Amendment modifies and clarifies the process of Presidential sucession.
- 26th Amendment - The 26th Amendment lowers the minimum voting age to 18 years.
- 27th Amendment - The 27th Amendment prohibits any law which increases or decreases the salary of Congress from taking effect until the next term.