Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson (/ /) (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States (1963–1969), a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President (1961–1963). Johnson, a Democrat from Texas, served as a United States Representative from 1937 to 1949 and as a United States Senator from 1949 to 1961, including six years as Senate Majority Leader, two as Senate Minority Leader and two as Senate Majority Whip. He campaigned unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination in 1960, but ran as Vice President with John F. Kennedy heading the ticket for the 1960 presidential election. After their election, Johnson succeeded Kennedy following the latter's assassination on November 22, 1963; he completed Kennedy's term and was elected President in his own right in the 1964 election, winning by a large margin over Barry Goldwater. He is one of four people who served in both offices of the executive branch as well as both houses of Congress.
Johnson was strongly supported by the Democratic Party, and as President he designed the "Great Society" legislation upholding civil rights, public broadcasting, Medicare, Medicaid, environmental protection, aid to education, the arts, urban and rural development, and his "War on Poverty". Assisted in part by a growing economy, the War on Poverty helped millions of Americans rise above the poverty line during Johnson's presidency. Civil rights bills signed by Johnson banned racial discrimination in public facilities, interstate commerce, the workplace, and housing; and the voting rights act guaranteed full voting rights for citizens of all races. With the passage of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, the country's immigration system was reformed and all national origin quotas were removed. Johnson was renowned for his domineering, sometimes abrasive, personality and the "Johnson treatment" – his aggressive coercion of powerful politicians in order to advance legislation.
American History USA Articles
- Two and a Half October Surprises -- The Last Days of the 1968 Election
A peace deal announcement and its subsequent sabotage whipsawed the final polls in an election that was decided by less than one percent of the vote.
- 5 Liberal Falsehoods of American History
Did the Great Society eradicate poverty whatsoever? Did our Gilded Age "robber barons" loot the country? Examine liberal claims about our history.
- Lyndon B. Johnson and American Liberalism: A Brief Biography with Documents (The Bedford Series in History and... - Bruce J. Schulman
- Lyndon B. Johnson and the Transformation of American Politics (Library of American Biography Series) - John Bullion